Document Type



The concept of the university is perhaps one of the oldest social institutions in the world and plays an intricate and pivotal role in societies in various cultures. Every university has a unique story in its history, growth, controversies, and its on-going survival. The role of each respective university's faculty and academic leadership has a certain level of professional interaction in terms of their role and contract with society. This paper examines the historical evolution, challenges, reforms, and proposed prediction of the renowned Al-Azhar University of Cairo, Egypt.

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


© 2019 Basil H. Aboul-Enein. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Citation/Publisher Attribution

Basil H. Aboul-Enein, "The Education and Social Reform of Al-Azhar University: A Short Historical Commentary". Annals of Global History 2019;1(1): 24-25.