Generalized self-efficacy is the overall belief in one’s ability and Specific self-efficacy is task related. The study examined the extent and manner in which self-efficacy explains variation in first-term GPA. The General Self-Efficacy Scale was adapted and used with a sample of N = 194 students (34% male and 66% female) enrolled in a for-profit career education urban college. The data from two factors derived using an exploratory factor analysis, General self-efficacy and Specific self-efficacy, had alpha reliabilities of .73 and .75, respectively. General self-efficacy was correlated r = .18 with GPA and multiple regression analysis demonstrated that General incremented the explanation of variance 5% in GPA (p < .01). Specific correlated r = .17 with GPA (p < .05). General and Specific were significantly correlated (r = .42, p < .001). The two independent variables were equal predictors of success.
Becker, S.P., Gable, R.K. (2009). Self-efficacy and post-secondary first-term student achievement. Paper presented at the Annual meeting of the New England Educational Research Organization Portsmouth, NH.
Becker, Stephen P. and Gable, Robert K., "Self-Efficacy and Post-Secondary First-Term Student Achievement" (2009). Higher Education. Paper 1.