Autumn Ford; Johanna Wunder

Document Type


Publication Date



Latent Autoimmune Diabetes in Adults (LADA) is an increasingly prevalent form of diabetes that causes patients to experience symptoms of both Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus and Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus. LADA currently accounts for 2-12% of all cases of diabetes in the adult population. Around 20% of patients diagnosed with type 2 diabetes may have LADA; patients with LADA are constantly misdiagnosed with type 2 diabetes. Patients may experience chronic vascular complications which can cause neuropathy (frequency between 27-29%) and can lead to amputations and diabetic retinopathy (frequency of 51%). This project’s purpose is to develop client-specific assistive technology that will permit at-home fitness and independence. The 60-year-old client became a bilateral below the knee (BKA) amputee six years ago and has minor visual impairments. They are a very active individual who enjoys being outside, gardening, fitness activities, and swimming. Transportation challenges make it difficult to travel to a gym, and there is a risk of acquiring infection from public spaces. PersonEx is a client-specific adaptive home exercise system that includes a full-length mirror, iPad stand, water bottle mount, and sides which securely store the client’s hand weights. Attachments are integrated on each side of the device to hold TheraBand™ promoting workouts for both right and left upper limbs, and brightly colored identifiers to aid in visual discrimination between her workout gear and equipment.

Faculty Mentor

Nicole Urban, Ph.D.

Academic Discipline

College of Engineering & Design

Included in

Engineering Commons



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