Jordan Chizmadia, B.A., OT/S; Jennifer G. Macnie B.S., OT/S; Olivia R. Miller B.S., OTS; Anthony L. Valentino B.S., OTS

Document Type


Publication Date



Importance: There is a lack of research on how different prosthetics impact return to work for individuals experiencing an upper extremity amputation. Objective: This review aims to assess myoelectric and body-powered prosthetics' impact on return to physically demanding work and understand which is better suited for trade work demands and productivity. Data sources: Journal articles were last searched for using the databases, EBSCO, PubMed, Sage Journals and ScienceDirect, on October 13th, 2023. Study selection and data collection: Articles meeting inclusion criteria had to be peer-reviewed journal articles written in English, published in the last seven years, participants 18 years of age or older with an upper extremity amputation using a body-powered or external powered prosthetics, while hybrid prosthetics were not included for review. Findings: The systematic review includes four Level III articles and four Level IV articles, with four good, three fair, and one poor risk of bias ratings. Articles containing body-powered prosthetics reported less complaints and greater function in physically demanding work, while myoelectric prosthetics demonstrated greater dexterity and precise quick movements that impacted return to work. Conclusion and relevance: Myoelectric prosthetics are better suited for fine motor and mentally demanding work; however, body-powered prosthetics are better for gross motor and physically demanding work.

Faculty Mentor

Monique Dawes, O.T.D., OTR/L, CPAM

Academic Discipline

College of Health & Wellness



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