Mackenzie O'Neill

Document Type


Publication Date



The sexual and gender minority (SGM) population often faces discrimination in daily life, in healthcare, and in the workplace. This discrimination can cause negative health outcomes or harm career trajectory. This study examines the association between workplace discrimination and unemployment among sexual and gender minorities. This cross-sectional study of n=918 SGMs was conducted in 2022 with recruitment on Reddit. All individuals had to be 18 years of age or older, reside in the United States, and identify as a sexual and/or gender minority. Multivariable logistic regression was used to identify predictors of unemployment among SGMs. A total of 28.43% were unemployed. With each additional point in the workplace discrimination score, there was an increased odds of being unemployed (AOR: 1.03, 95%CI: 1.01, 1.05). Individuals who receive non-traditional payment, were not a regular permanent employee, and experienced greater workplace discrimination were more likely to be unemployed. Among SGMs, workplace discrimination contributes to employment insecurity. Workplace policies, interventions, and education are needed to address SGM discrimination in the workplace.

Faculty Mentor

Samantha Rosenthal, Ph.D., M.P.H.

Academic Discipline

College of Health & Wellness



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