Self-efficacy is considered a construct influencing persistence (Bandura 1997, 2001, 2012). For adults pursuing academic remediation in preparation for higher education, persistence is a specific barrier to success in approximately 50% of cases. This study examined the relationships between general self-efficacy and academic-efficacy constructs with adult remedial education persistence for N = 88 students, and found a lack of relationship consistent with the earlier sample of students (Holmquist, Gable, & Billups, 2013). Further, few relationships were found with selected student demographic characteristics.
Holmquist, Carol L. and Gable, Robert K., "The Relationship Between Academic-Efficacy and Persistence in Adult Remedial Education: A Replication Study" (2016). K-12 Education. 28.