Assessing Use of Caloric Information on Restaurant Menus and Resulting Meal Selection in Saudi Arabia: Application of the Theory of Planned Behavior
Background: Beginning in 2019, the Saudi Government required restaurants to post caloric information on menus to facilitate informed meal choices by Saudi consumers.
Purpose: To assess the impact on consumer food choices, leveraging TPB, related to caloric information on menus among restaurants in Saudi Arabia.
Methods: A cross-sectional study among adult Saudi consumers was conducted. Theoretically based on TPB, data were gathered on the use of caloric information on menus in restaurants across Riyadh.
Results: Only 24.4% of participants utilized caloric information on menus to make a meal decision. Attitude (r = 0.65), and perceived behavioral control (r = 0.62) significantly correlated with intention. Multiple regression analysis showed that attitude (R2 = 0.47, P = .05), and perceived behavioral control (R2 = 0.11, P = .03) were significant predictors of using caloric information on menus for meal selection.
Discussion: Among Saudi participants, the use of caloric information on menus was low in their meal decision. Interestingly, attitude was found to be a significant predictor of utilizing caloric information in making a meal decision.
Translation to Health Education Practice: Consumer education should consider constructs of the TPB in intervention development and evaluation strategies to influence attitudes toward healthy eating behaviors and enhance the use of caloric information on restaurant menus in making informed meal decisions.
Ali Alkhathami, Areej; Turki Duraihim, Areej; Fallaj Almansour, Fay; Abdulaziz Alotay, Ghada; Sami Alnowaiser, Hadeel; and Aboul-Enein, Basil H., "Assessing Use of Caloric Information on Restaurant Menus and Resulting Meal Selection in Saudi Arabia: Application of the Theory of Planned Behavior" (2021). Health & Wellness Department Faculty Publications and Research. 84.
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Areej Ali Alkhathami, Areej Turki Duraihim, Fay Fallaj Almansour, Ghada Abdulaziz Alotay, Hadeel Sami Alnowaiser, Basil H. Aboul-Enein, Enmanuel A. Chavarria & Nada Benajiba (2021) Assessing Use of Caloric Information on Restaurant Menus and Resulting Meal Selection in Saudi Arabia: Application of the Theory of Planned Behavior, American Journal of Health Education, 52:3, 154-163, DOI: 10.1080/19325037.2021.1902885