Do testing and exam conditions make a difference in final exam grades? Do testing “out of class” and “in class” produce different results over the same courses? Several graduate courses (N = 84) were tested under different and varying conditions. The majority of students were international, where English was a second language. In general, the “online” e-testers performed at a higher level than the ““in class”” testers with and without any time restrictions while test taking. Tentative implications might be that online exams (less controls) yield grades which are possibly higher, and may or may not be “grade inflated.” On the other hand, possibly less controls in exams yield more learning and higher retention of course content.
Sivula, Martin W. Ph.D. and Robson, Elizabeth B. J.D., "E-testing in Graduate Courses: Reflective Practice Case Studies" (2015). MBA Faculty Conference Papers & Journal Articles. 87.